Monthly Archives: November 2017

UK Government in Focus – The Salisbury Convention

Robert_Gascoyne-Cecil_1947

One of the most important sources of Britain’s uncodified constitution are conventions. These are unwritten agreements which are usually followed. Britain is one of only four countries across the globe with an uncodified constitution. Constitutions from countries in which they are codified are usually formed at the end of a revolutionary period. For example, America’s codified constitution of 1787 was written at the end of the revolutionary war in which America gained independence from Britain. Another example is Russia which implemented a codified constitution in 1993, after the fall of Communism. Unlike these countries, Britain has not had a revolution since the age of enlightenment, during which liberal democracy and constitutionalism became engrained in western thought. Instead, rather than being revolutionary, the UK constitution is evolutionary – more layers have been added through time, rather than undergoing a fundamental restructuring.

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US Government in Focus – Advice and Consent Powers

There are a number of powers in the US Constitution that are exclusively granted to the two different houses of Congress. These include:

House of Rep

House of Representatives

  • Can begin impeachment proceedings against the President of the United States.
  • Elects the President if the Electoral College is tied or no candidates reach a majority.
  • Power to introduce legislation that deals with revenue and taxes

 

 

US Senate

Senate

  • Tries impeachment proceedings against the President of the United States.
  • Elects the Vice-President of the United States if the Electoral College is tied or no candidates reach a majority.
  • Reviews and ratifies Presidential Appointments.
  • Ratifies International Treaties by a two-thirds majority.

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